Tarn Philipp, a third year student at the Sir John Cass Faculty of Art, Architecture and Design at London Metropolitan University studying Architecture, travelled to Ethiopia to study the Rock-hewn churches, visiting the more remote churches in the Tigray province. The rock-hewn churches are located on flat topped mountains, in existing caves or in cliff faces. Some of the churches are simple, resembling a natural opening rather than a church; while other display a high level of sophistication and are entirely cut from the rock. The rock-hewn churches immortalise the architecture of built examples which have since been destroyed. Tarn studied and recorded the craftsmanship of these carved structures, including the non-structural columns, brackets, arches and roof beams.